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Since the Tang dynasty Ningbo has been an important commercial port.Arab traders lived in Ningbo during the Song dynasty when it was known as Mingzhou, as the ocean-going trade passages took precedence over land trade during this time.The massacre was "successful", with 40 Portuguese dead and only 2 Chinese dead, being dubbed "The Ningpo Massacre" by an English correspondent, who noted that the Portuguese pirates had behaved savagely towards the Chinese, and that the Portuguese authorities at Macau should have reined in the pirates. According to Daniel Barenblatt, Prince Tsuneyoshi Takeda received, with Prince Mikasa, a special screening by Shiro Ishii of a film showing imperial planes loading germ bombs for bubonic dissemination over Ningbo in 1940."It has been said of the Ningbo fishermen that, 'no people in the world apparently made so great an advance in the art of fishing; and for centuries past no people have made so little further progress.'" The Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus was built between 18, was closed by the government in 1963, and was reopened and renamed in 1980.During late Qing era, Western missionaries set up a Presbyterian Church in Ningbo. It was recognized as a national heritage site in 2006.Ningbo Local Government Offices The sub-provincial city of Ningbo is as whole a group urban with one central group, one northern group, and one southern group.
Ningbo was known as a trade city on the silk road at least two thousand years ago, and then as a major port, along with Yangzhou and Guangzhou in the Tang Dynasty; thereafter, the major ports for foreign trade in the Song Dynasty.The city receives an average annual rainfall of 1,440 millimetres (56.7 in) and is affected by the plum rains of the Asian monsoon in June, when average relative humidity also peaks.From August to October, Ningbo experiences the effects of typhoons, and is affected by an average 1.8 storms annually, though the city is not often struck directly by these systems.The British repulsed a Chinese attempt to retake the city in the Battle of Ningpo on March 10, 1842.In 1864, the forces of the Taiping Rebellion held the town for six months.The city's export industry dates back to the 7th century.Today Ningbo is a major exporter of electrical products, textiles, food, and industrial tools.There are 531 islands accounting for 524 km (202 sq mi) under the city's administration.The city proper of Ningbo is sandwiched between the ocean and low-lying mountains to the southwest, with coastal plain and valleys in between.Important peninsulas include the Chuanshan Peninsula () run north from Mount Tiantai and within Ningbo City, traverse Yuyao City, Haishu District, and Fenghua District, reaching a height of 979 m (3,212 ft).Ningbo has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with four distinctive seasons, characterised by hot, humid summers and chilly, cloudy and drier winters (with occasional snow).